Blood donation and transfusion save lives. Sadly, there’s additionally an extended historical past of misinformation and worry round donations. For instance, there was a time when blood donation was segregated by race. Moreover, in response to the AIDs epidemic, laws have been created that prohibited donations from components of the LGBTQIA group.
Through the COVID-19 pandemic, many of the misinformation about blood donation has been in regards to the vaccine and the virus itself. This misinformation isn’t inflicting the discriminatory practices of the previous, however it’s inflicting massive numbers of individuals to refuse blood transfusions.
Many individuals have heard that it’s not protected to obtain a blood transfusion from a vaccinated donor. Happily, this isn’t the case. A transfusion from a vaccinated donor carries no threat of an infection and is totally protected. Learn on to study extra in regards to the security of blood from vaccinated donors.
COVID-19 is an airborne virus. It will possibly’t be transmitted by contact with the blood of somebody who’s contaminated. In accordance with The
Equally, the COVID-19 vaccine doesn’t switch from a blood donor to an individual who’s receiving a transfusion. Transfusion security goes past the data that COVID-19 doesn’t switch via blood.
Two of the COVID-19 vaccines obtainable in America, the Moderna and Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines, are a kind of vaccine known as a messenger RNA vaccine (mRNA). Inactivated vaccines don’t comprise residing viral materials. Because of this the vaccines can train your physique to battle the an infection, however they’ll’t infect your bloodstream
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is a kind of vaccine known as a viral vector vaccine.
A viral vector vaccine makes use of a modified and innocent model of a virus. You may’t get COVID-19 from the modified model of the COVID-19 virus within the Johnson & Johnson vaccine. The vaccine has sufficient viral materials that it might probably train your physique the way to battle COVID-19, nevertheless it has been modified sufficient that it’s going to not trigger an an infection.
Blood incorporates purple blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma. Plasma is the liquid portion of blood that is still after the platelets and purple and white blood cells are eliminated.
Plasma is 90 p.c water, nevertheless it additionally incorporates immune system proteins and antibodies. This contains the antibodies your physique makes when it learns to battle a virus like COVID-19.
You want plasma to clot blood, battle infections, heal wounds, and extra. Plasma transfusions are used throughout surgical procedures and medical therapies. They may also help folks with continual ailments in addition to these with burns, shock, or trauma.
Through the pandemic, blood donation facilities have been amassing plasma from individuals who had recovered from COVID-19 or who had obtained the vaccine throughout the final 6 months. This blood was used for what’s known as a convalescent blood transfusion.
This sort of transfusion makes use of the immune system proteins, or antibodies, from somebody whose physique has already fought an an infection to assist somebody at the moment battling that very same an infection. Transfusions from vaccinated individuals who meet sure situations can be used.
Now that vaccinations and improved therapies for COVID-19 can be found, the Crimson Cross and different organizations are now not searching for plasma for convalescent transfusions. Nonetheless, vaccinated individuals are eligible to donate plasma.
Most blood donation facilities solely require that vaccinated individuals are symptom-free on the day of their donation. You may learn extra about plasma donation right here.
Blood donations already endure strict security measures. Earlier than every donation, donors are requested about their well being to make sure they’re eligible to donate.
There are a variety of well being situations and circumstances that may trigger most blood donation facilities to say no a donation. For instance, you typically can’t give blood if:
- you’ve got an lively an infection
- you’ve got any kind of hepatitis or dwell with somebody who does
- you’ve ever had or have ever been uncovered to Creutzfeldt-Jakob Illness
- you’ve been handled for malaria within the final 3 years or have been uncovered to malaria up to now 3 months
- you’ve traveled to sure international locations or areas lately
- you’re taking sure drugs
- you’ve lately gotten a tattoo
- you’ve got sure viral situations
These laws assist blood donation facilities hold blood protected earlier than the blood draw begins.
Blood donations from those that’ve obtained dwell vaccines
Blood donation facilities even have guidelines about vaccines. Individuals who’ve lately obtained dwell vaccines typically want to attend a number of weeks earlier than they’re eligible to present blood. Widespread dwell vaccines embrace:
Blood donations from those that’ve obtained inactivated vaccines
Vaccines such because the COVID-19 vaccine are inactivated virus vaccines. These vaccines don’t comprise dwell viruses, and might’t transmit infections. That’s why there aren’t any restrictions on blood donation after these vaccines.
Different inactivated viruses embrace:
Guaranteeing security after donation
After every donation, blood is examined to find out the sort, and is sorted into purple blood cells, white blood cells, and plasma. A pattern of your blood can also be examined for infectious sicknesses that may be transmitted by blood contact. These usually embrace:
Any blood discovered to comprise traces of those viruses will likely be discarded.
Can blood from a vaccinated donor or somebody who has had COVID-19 present immunity?
The COVID-19 vaccine gained’t switch throughout a blood donation. A blood donation isn’t an efficient strategy to get a COVID-19 vaccine. The blood you obtain throughout a transfusion solely incorporates purple blood cells. Crimson blood cells don’t comprise any antibodies.
The antibodies your physique makes that know the way to battle COVID-19 after a vaccine are positioned in plasma. This implies you’d want a plasma transfusion to obtain COVID-19-fighting antibodies.
Nonetheless, even a plasma transfusion is just not an alternative to your personal COVID-19 vaccine. Plasma transfusions are typically used to battle COVID-19, however they’re not meant for use as a safety measure.
The antibodies from blood transfusions or plasma transfusions from a vaccinated donor aren’t sufficient to offer COVID-19 immunity.
Is it OK to donate blood if you happen to’ve been vaccinated? How lengthy ought to I wait earlier than I donate?
Sure. You can provide blood if you happen to’ve been vaccinated. There’s no ready interval.
Some donation facilities do request that you understand who manufactured the vaccine you obtained. In the US, all vaccines are manufactured by Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, or Moderna. The identify of your vaccine producer is listed in your vaccine card.
Is it OK to donate blood if I’ve had a COVID-19 an infection? How lengthy ought to I wait earlier than donating?
Sure. You may donate after recovering from a COVID-19 an infection.
It’s a good suggestion to name the blood donating middle and ask what their particular coverage is. The American Crimson Cross requires that every one donors have been symptom-free for at the least 2 weeks earlier than donating.
Do blood donation facilities take a look at donors for COVID-19?
No. Nonetheless, blood donation facilities will ask donors about their well being and any present signs earlier than accepting a donation. Moreover, donors can have their blood strain, pulse, and temperature taken earlier than a donation.
Any donor who’s displaying indicators of an infection or sickness is not going to be allowed to donate blood.
Will I do know whether or not I get blood from somebody who has had the vaccine?
No. Blood from donors who’ve been vaccinated is just not labeled. You gained’t know if the blood you obtain throughout a transfusion is from a vaccinated donor.
Receiving a blood transfusion from a donor who has been vaccinated for COVID-19 is protected. There isn’t a threat of contracting COVID-19 from a blood transfusion.
COVID-19 isn’t transferred by blood contact, and the COVID-19 vaccine doesn’t comprise any residing virus parts. It can’t trigger an infection within the vaccine recipient or in a blood transfusion recipient.
All donated blood is fastidiously examined for any infectious viral materials that may be transmitted by blood contact earlier than it’s used for transfusions.